The period between 1868 and 1949 is one of the most important stages in the history of the State of Qatar, as it is the stage of establishing the political features of the state and establishing the unity, sovereignty and independence of the country and t
The period between 1868 and 1949 is one of the most important stages in the history of the State of Qatar, as it is the stage of establishing the political features of the state and establishing the unity, sovereignty and independence of the country and transforming them from mere cities and ports for divers and crossing points to tribes like other Gulf Coast sheikhs. One of the world's most contested areas of influence and colonialism.
Qatar's foreign policy during that period was attributed to three Al-Thani family leaders who took over the founding of the Qatari state. They were Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani (1850-1878), founder of the al-Thani regime in Qatar, and the founder of the Sheikh of Qatar under the 1868 agreement. (1878-1913), who was the true founder of the state, as he laid the foundations of Qatar's foreign policy, especially with the great powers of the Gulf region at the time (Britain and the Ottoman Empire) and Sheikh Abdullah bin Qasim al-Thani (1913- 1949), which affirmed the sovereignty of Qatar on its territory despite the British protection treaty, and launched b Towards modernity, taking advantage of the oil revenues it had begun after World War II.
The research found a number of facts about the nature of the foreign policy objectives of Qatar in the period mentioned, namely, the preservation of Qatari territorial integrity, the preservation of Qatari sovereignty in foreign relations and the preservation of the country's economic interests. Each of these goals required a lot of political wisdom and patience. And the belief in Qatar's right to sovereignty over its territory and sovereignty in its foreign relations.